ITU-QRR 2016

The 2016 version of ITU Quality Research Ranking (ITU-QRR) provides the key quality dimension of research performance by more than 200 Pakistani universities and institutes, using Scopus database. The results provide useful information to the scientific community, as well as to the higher education policy makers.


How is the ranking done?

The 2016 version of ITU-QRR provides the key quality dimensions of research performance by more than 200 Pakistani universities and institutes, using Scopus database.

How we measure quality?

The publications in Top 5 percentile of Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) of journals and conferences in each disciplinary category are taken as High Quality Publications. In addition, the ranked outlets A* and A from ERA CORE 2014 is also used to assess publication quality, URL: CORE Rankings

What is SNIP?

SNIP is journal impact factor like indicator but it normalizes citation potential across the fields {Moed (2010); Waltman et al. (2013)}

What is research active institute?

An institute is considered research active if it has more than 40 publications in a given discipline in 6 years time window

What are Broad Institutions?

Institutes that are research active in more than 10 disciplines.

What are Specialized Institutions?

Institutes that are research active between 4 to 10 disciplines.

What is the time window of ITU-QRR 2016?

ITU-QRR uses 6 years time window i.e. 2009-2014.


The 2016 ITU Research Rankings provide the rating in two ways: by subject area and university overall. Keeping in mind that the 2016 version of ITU Research Rankings focuses to provide the key quality dimension of research performance, thus, the publications in top quality venues are considered to rate universities and institutes.

  • Subject Area Rating: Subject areas are organized into a hierarchy with 24 level-1 categories and 250 level-2 categories. The ratings can be carried out in any subject category at any level. The rating results show total publication output during 2009-2014 and their proportion in top quality venues. The results are sorted based the volume of publications in core A* and A venues.

  • Overall Rating:The overall rating provides a measure of the comprehensiveness of research strengths across the 27 level-1 categories and is a good starting point for a university to quickly identify broad areas of strength or weakness, which can then be further investigated using the subject rating and benchmarking functions (in progress). The overall score is computed by taking the average of high quality publications at level-1 research active subject discipline. An institute is considered research active if it has more than 40 publications in a given discipline in 6 years time window. The large size institutes, which are research active in more than ten level-1 disciplines, are grouped as Breadth Comprehensive, whereas, the Medium or Small size institutes are grouped as Depth Comprehensive. The institutes with more than 4 research active areas are included in overall rating.

    In interpreting these results it is important to note that although a university may not appear strong in a broad subject area, it may still have significant strength in a narrower sub-area. This can be investigated by drilling down to sub-areas with the subject area rating function.

Future Extensions
  • Interdisciplinary areas
    • Initial work will focus on including interdisciplinary areas such as ICT4D and its sub-areas. The keyword based approach will be used to procure publications classified under interdisciplinary fields (Hassan & Haddawy, 2013).
  • Benchmarking
    • While the initial release of the ITU Research Rankings focuses on research benchmarking and within that on use of bibliometrics, we recognize that this evaluates only part of one dimension of the diverse mission of universities. The ITU Research Rankings will work toward broader measures for research benchmarking, including detailed funding information, commercialization, and societal impact. Longer term the initiative will also seek to address benchmarking of education and outreach activities.

University Rating

Independent intellectual creative capacity developed through research is essential in enabling countries to take control of exploring, planning, and implementing their own most appropriate sustainable development paths. Given the scarce financial resources in many countries, areas of research focus must be carefully chosen so as to achieve maximum value from investment at a level that will have noticeable positive impact upon society. In pursuit of its core objectives to study the scientific and academic research from a scientific point of view - the dynamics of scientific research and its connections to technology, innovation and society through the use of bibliometric indices and other innovation strategies, ITU's Scientometrics Lab has been working on several research projects.

Among these programs, a key project is the ITU Research Rankings, which is intended to provide objective data and analyses to benchmark research performance in traditional disciplinary subject areas and in interdisciplinary areas for the purpose of strengthening the quality and impact of research. The ITU Research Rankings supports universities to determine their own research profile and identify niche areas in which they can excel; to make more rational strategic and resource allocation decisions; and to publicize program strengths.